Journal Articles, Chapters, and Reports

*To view publications available online, please click on the title of the piece you wish to read (below).


Adam P. Liff. “Japan, Taiwan, and the ‘One China’ Framework after 50 Years.” Forthcoming at The China Quarterly.

Adam P. Liff. “The U.S.-Japan Alliance and Taiwan.” forthcoming at Asia Policy (expected July 2022).

Adam P. Liff. “Party Politics and Foreign Policy in Japan: The LDP-Komeito Ruling Coalition, the Opposition, and Why They Matter.” forthcoming at Georgetown Journal of Asian Affairs Vol 8, No 1 (2022): .

Adam P. Liff and Dalton Lin, “The ‘One China’ Framework at Fifty (1972-2022): The Myth of ‘Consensus’ and its Evolving Policy Significance.” Forthcoming at The China Quarterly.

Chaewon Lee and Adam P. Liff. “Korea-Taiwan “Unofficial” Relations after 30 Years (1992-2022): Reassessing Seoul’s “One China” Policy.” forthcoming at Journal of Contemporary China.

Kazuo Fukuda and Adam P. Liff. “A Fourth Model of Constitutional Review? De Facto Executive Supremacy” (about Japan’s Cabinet Legislation Bureau (内閣法制局)). Forthcoming at Washington University Global Studies Law Review Vol 22, No 2 (2022): .

Adam P. Liff. “Japan in 2021: COVID-19 (again), the Olympics, and a New Administration.” Asian Survey Vol 62, No 1 (2022): 29-42.

Adam P. Liff and Phillip Y. Lipscy. “Japan Transformed? The Foreign Policy Legacy of the Abe Government Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol 48, No 1 (Winter 2022): 123-147. (no pay-wall (AOM) version)

Zack Cooper and Adam P. Liff.10 Years After ‘the Pivot’: Still America’s Pacific Century?” (AEI: Washington, D.C., 2021). 12pp. 

Adam P. Liff.Japan, Taiwan, the United States, and the ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific’” in Denmark and Myers, eds. Essays on the Rise of China and Its Implications (Wilson Center: Washington, D.C., 2021): 271-299.

Adam P. Liff. “Japan in 2020: COVID-19 and the End of ‘the Abe Era’.” Asian Survey Vol 61, No 1 (2021): 49-64.

Adam P. Liff. “Japan’s Defense Reforms under Abe: Assessing Institutional and Policy Change” in The Political Economy of the Abe Government and Abenomics Reforms, edited by Takeo Hoshi and Phillip Lipscy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021): 479-510.

Adam P. Liff. “Proactive Stabilizer: Japan’s Role in the Asia-Pacific Security Order” in The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order, edited by Yoichi Funabashi and G. John Ikenberry (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2020): 39-78. 

  • Published in Japanese as: “積極的な安定力:アジア太平洋安全保障秩序における日本の役割”、『自由主義の危機:国際秩序と日本』船橋洋一・G・ジョン・アイケンベリー編、東洋経済新報社、2020年:34-71。

Adam P. Liff and Kenneth Mori McElwain. “Japan and the Liberal International Order: A Survey Experiment” in The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order, edited by Yoichi Funabashi and G. John Ikenberry (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2020): 359-376.

  • Published in Japanese as: “独自調査:日本の国際秩序観”、『自由主義の危機:国際秩序と日本』船橋洋一・G・ジョン・アイケンベリー編、東洋経済新報社、2020年: 326-342。[ケネス・盛・マッケルウェインと共著]

Adam P. Liff. “China, Japan, and the East China Sea: Beijing’s ‘Gray Zone’ Coercion and Tokyo’s Response” in Global China: Assessing China’s Growing Role in the World (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2019).

Adam P. Liff. “Unambivalent Alignment: Japan’s China Strategy, the U.S. Alliance, and the ‘Hedging’ Fallacy.” International Relations of the Asia-Pacific Vol 19, No 3 (2019): 453-491.

Adam P. Liff and Ko Maeda. “Electoral Incentives, Policy Compromise, and Coalition Durability: Japan’s LDP-Komeito Government in a Mixed Electoral System.” Japanese Journal of Political Science 20, no. 1. (2019): 53-73.

Adam P. Liff. “China’s Maritime Gray Zone Operations in the East China Sea and Japan’s Response.” in  China’s Maritime Gray Zone Operations, edited by Andrew S. Erickson and Ryan D. Martinson (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2019): 207-231.

  • Published in Japanese as: “東シナ海における中国の海上グレーゾーン作戦と日本の対応”、『中国の海洋強国戦略:グレーゾーン作戦と展開』アンドリュー・S・エリクソン、ライアン・D・マーティンソン編(翻訳者:五味睦佳、大野慶二、木村初夫、五島浩司、杉本正彦、武居智久、山本勝也)、原書房、2020年:222-247。

Adam P. Liff. “Japan’s National Security Council: Policy Coordination and Political Power.” Japanese Studies 38, no. 2 (2018): 253-279.

Adam P. Liff. “The Myth of LDP Dominance under Abe: Komeito, Coalition Politics, and Why it Matters for Japan’s Security Policy.” in Expert Voices on Japan: Security, Economic, Social and Foreign Policy Recommendations (Washington, D.C.: Mansfield Foundation, 2018): 79-91.

Adam P. Liff. “Japan’s Security Policy in the ‘Abe Era’: Radical Transformation or Evolutionary Shift?Texas National Security Review 1, no. 3 (2018): 8-34.

Adam P. Liff. “China and the U.S. Alliance System.” The China Quarterly no. 233 (2018): 137-165

Adam P. Liff. “Policy by Other Means: ‘Collective Self-Defense’ and the Politics of Japan’s Postwar Constitutional (Re-)Interpretations.” Asia Policy no. 24 (2017): 139-172.

Adam P. Liff and Andrew S. Erickson. “From Management Crisis to Crisis Management? Japan’s Post-2012 Institutional Reforms and Sino-Japanese Crisis (In)Stability.” Journal of Strategic Studies 40, no. 5 (2017): 604-638.

Adam P. Liff. “Whither the Balancers? The Case for a Methodological Reset.” Security Studies 25, no. 3 (2016): 420-459.

Andrew S. Erickson and Adam P. Liff. “Installing a Safety on the ‘Loaded Gun’? China’s Institutional Reforms, National Security Commission and Sino-Japanese Crisis (In)Stability.” Journal of Contemporary China 25, no. 98 (2016): 197-215.

Adam P. Liff. “Balancing China: Moving Beyond the Containment Fallacy.” ASAN Forum 4, no. 5 (2016).

Adam P. Liff and G. John Ikenberry. “Looking for Asia’s Security Dilemma” [Correspondence with critics] International Security 40, no.2 (2015): 181-204 [our response appears on pp. 195-204].

Adam P. Liff. “Japan’s Defense Policy: Abe the Evolutionary.” The Washington Quarterly 38, no. 2 (2015): 79-99.

Adam P. Liff and G. John Ikenberry. “Racing Toward Tragedy?: China’s Rise, Military Competition in the Asia-Pacific, and the Security Dilemma.” International Security 39, no. 2 (2014): 52-91.

Andrew S. Erickson and Adam P. Liff. “The Budget This Time: Taking the Measure of China’s Defense Spending.” ASAN Forum 2, no. 2 (2014).

Adam P. Liff and Andrew S. Erickson. “Demystifying China’s Defence Spending: Less Mysterious in the Aggregate.” The China Quarterly 216 (2013): 805-830.

Adam P. Liff. “The Proliferation of Cyberwarfare Capabilities and Interstate War, Redux: Liff Responds to Junio.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no. 1 (2013): 134-138.

Adam P. Liff. “Cyberwar: A New ‘Absolute Weapon’? The Proliferation of Cyberwarfare Capabilities and Interstate War.” Journal of Strategic Studies 35, no. 3 (2012): 401–428.

Hitoshi Tanaka and Adam P. Liff. “East Asia and its Evolving Security Architecture.” In Rewiring Regional Security in a Fragmented World, edited by Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall  (Washington, D.C: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2011): 415-436.

Eric Heginbotham, Adam P. Liff, Ely Ratner, and Richard Samuels. “Japan Debates its Security Options: The U.S. Air Force in a Dynamic Security Landscape.” Santa Monica, Calif: RAND Corporation, 2010. Draft report; not for distribution

“Task Force Report: U.S.-China Relations: A Roadmap for the Future [工作小组报告:中美关系为了未来的路线图].” Issues & Insights [Vol. 09, No. 16]. (Honolulu, HI: Pacific Forum CSIS, August 2009). [with Andrew S. Erickson, Wei He, Chaoyi Chen, Scott E. Hartley, Jiun Bang, and Aki Mori]

  • Served as Task Force Chair, Project Director, and Chinese Translator

Hitoshi Tanaka and Adam P. Liff. “Japan’s Foreign Policy and East Asian Regionalism.” In Northeast Asia Security Architecture Project (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2009): 1-12.

Hitoshi Tanaka and Adam P. Liff. “The Strategic Rationale for East Asia Community Building,” In East Asia at a Crossroads, edited by Jusuf Wanandi and Tadashi Yamamoto (Tokyo: Japan Center for International Exchange, 2008): 90-104.

Adam P. Liff. “The Return to ‘Normalcy’? The 2004 National Defense Program Guidelines and Japan’s Defense Policy.” Senior Honors Thesis. Palo Alto, Calif: Stanford University, 2005.

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