China Quarterly (forthcoming): “Japan, Taiwan, and the ‘One China’ Framework”

A third peer-reviewed article in my series of studies on U.S. allies, Taiwan, and “One China” … … an analysis of the history and contemporary policy implications of Japan’s “One China” policy and deepening engagement of Taiwan since Tokyo switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing in 1972 … has just entered into production at The China Quarterly

Given surging frictions across the Taiwan Strait and between the U.S. and China, as well as significantly deepening concerns and interest in demonstrating support for democratic Taiwan from Japanese leaders, this article–and the special issue initiative of which will be a part–has (unfortunately) become even more timely than I feared it might when I launched this project three years ago… Please take a look!

The version-of-record PDF will eventually be available from the publisher *open-access*. For now, a suggested citation, abstract, and link to a (freely downloadable) Accepted Manuscript PDF are below.


This study analyzes the “One China” framework’s significance for Japan-Taiwan relations since Tokyo switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing in 1972. Drawing on Chinese-, Japanese-, and English-language sources, it examines developments since the breakthrough Japan-PRC normalization communique and ‘Japan Formula,’ which enabled Tokyo to normalize relations—six years before Washington—without recognizing Beijing’s claim of sovereignty over Taiwan, and while maintaining robust, if unofficial, ties with Taipei thenceforth. Highlighting distinctions between Beijing’s self-asserted “One China principle” and Japan’s ambiguous official position and subsequent effective policies, it assesses incremental but practically significant evolutions of Japan-Taiwan relations the past half-century. In the 21stcentury, ever-closer ties have proven strikingly resilient to political transitions in Japan and Taiwan, China’s growing power, pushback from Beijing, and worsening cross-Strait frictions. Beyond Japan-Taiwan relations and theoretical debates on “One China,” this article’s findings carry significant implications for Taiwan’s international space, cross-Strait dynamics, and PRC-Japan-U.S. relations.

Key words 

Japan, Taiwan, China, United States, “One China,” Cross-Strait